Emergency procedures for asthma are essential

Emergency procedures for asthma are essential to know and follow if you or someone you know experiences a severe asthma attack. Here are steps to take in an asthma emergency:

  1. Recognize Signs of Severe Asthma: Learn to recognize signs of a severe asthma attack, such as:
    • Extreme difficulty breathing or shortness of breath, with rapid breathing.
    • Inability to speak due to shortness of breath.
    • Wheezing or coughing that won’t stop.
    • Tightness or pain in the chest.
    • Lips or fingernails turning blue due to lack of oxygen.
  2. Stay Calm: In an emergency, staying calm is crucial. Panic can worsen the situation.
  3. Use Rescue Inhaler: If you have a rescue inhaler (usually containing a medication like albuterol), use it immediately. Administer the prescribed number of puffs as instructed by your healthcare provider.
  4. Assist with Medication: If someone is having an asthma attack and doesn’t have their rescue inhaler, assist them in using their prescribed inhaler or nebulizer, if available.
  5. Sit Upright: Help the person sit in an upright position to make breathing easier. Loosen tight clothing around the neck and chest.
  6. Stay with the Person: Stay with the person experiencing the asthma attack and monitor their condition closely.
  7. Call Emergency Services: If the symptoms don’t improve within a few minutes or if they worsen, call emergency services immediately (911 or local emergency number). Describe the situation and follow their instructions.
  8. Administer CPR if Necessary: If the person becomes unconscious and stops breathing, begin CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) if you are trained to do so.
  9. Wait for Emergency Help: While waiting for emergency services to arrive, continue to support the person and provide assistance as needed.

It’s crucial to have an asthma action plan that includes specific emergency instructions. Review and understand these emergency procedures and share them with family members, caregivers, or close friends. Always seek immediate medical attention for a severe asthma attack, as it can be life-threatening if not treated promptly.